At the 2016 World Golf Fitness Summit I attended a lecture presented by Liam Mucklow. Liam played professional golf and competed at the World Long Drive Finals. The topic of his lecture was improving the kinematic sequence of the golf swing. The kinematic sequence describes the way great ball strikers generate club head speed. Regardless of swing style, research has proved that great ball strikers generate speed the same way. The kinematic sequence describes this method. In order to create the most speed possible, transition into the downswing must start with lateral weight transfer to the lead leg, followed by rotation of the lower body, then the upper body, arms, and the club last.
Proper Kinematic Sequence/Order of the Downswing:
Lower body rotation
Upper body rotation
At FitGolf Performance Centers we use technology called K-Vest to see if our clients have a proper kinematic sequence. Almost all golfers I evaluate that desire a more powerful swing display a poor kinematic sequence. There is not a simple solution for fixing a bad downswing. Not one body is the same and there are a number of physical restrictions that act as road blocks to a good swing. If you feel like your body acts against you in the golf swing, you should seek the help of a TPI Certified personal trainer, athletic trainer, physical therapist, or chiropractor.
Liam provided some really interesting interventions to improving the kinematic sequence. One of the interventions that really stuck with me utilized a baseball swing. To understand the glaring similarities between a powerful baseball swing and golf swing let’s take a look at two examples of power at its finest. Let’s start with hall of famer Ken Griffey Jr.
In my opinion, that is the most beautiful swing in the history of baseball. Take note at the sequencing of movements when he goes to hit the ball. First, he plants hard into his lead leg. Second, he creates lower body rotation. Third, his upper body rotates. Fourth, he swings his arms. Lastly, he releases the bat and made the night for one lucky fan sitting deep in the outfield.
Now lets look at a golf example. I’m going to use Bubba Watson, a Masters Champion with an unconventional yet undeniably powerful swing…
Take a look at his downswing. The sequencing of movement is exactly like Griffey’s, isn’t it?
So what is the take-away of all of this? We know that powerful ball strikers sequence the downswing the same regardless of swing style. We also know that sequencing of a powerful baseball swing is exactly the same as the golf swing. Hence, you should practice the baseball swing to become a more powerful golfer!
Next time you practice go through your warm-up routine, then, before you hit golf balls take 10-20 baseball swings BOTH right and left handed. Make sure you practice good kinematic sequence. Always make sure your lead leg is planted before the bat or golf club rotates. Once you completed your baseball swings, forget about proper sequencing. Once again, once your done the baseball swings FORGET ABOUT PROPER SEQUENCING! If you practice these baseball swings regularly over time, your body will develop a new motor pattern, or muscle memory. Once this happen, the kinematic sequence will become a natural thing for you (that is if you do not have major physical restrictions getting in your way).
If you have any questions about golf fitness please contact Jason directly at [email protected].
How different would your scores be if you could drive 10, 20, or even 30 yards further? When our golfers here at FitGolf Performance Centers set their goals, rarely is additional yardage left out. As a golf fitness coach, I consider many factors before implementing a golf fitness exercise power training program. First thing considered is mobility. Without adequate mobility in the body’s joints, your muscles will not be able to lengthen to the extent which is necessary to create elastic energy to generate power. The more range of motion a golfer is able to obtain, the more power they will be able to generate. However, range of motion is not the only precursor to power. Golfers with great range of motion will only be able to use it to their benefit as long as they have adequate stability in their joints. The body’s joints have an alternating mobility-stability pattern. For example, the joints in the lumbar spine (low back) provide your torso with stability so your mobile joints in the thoracic spine (mid-upper back) have a solid foundation to rotate off of. If stability in your lumbar spine is compromised due to weak “core” musculature, it is impossible to safely and correctly achieve rotation in your thoracic spine, which is crucial to a powerful golf swing. Golf Fitness Exercises can help all of these things.
Golfers of different gender and age usually have issues with mobility, stability, or both. We generally see that men tend to have more issues related to mobility, but adequate stability. On the flip side, women and junior golfers tend to have much better mobility, but less stability. Every individual’s body is unique and it is important to have specific physical issues, whether pertaining to mobility or stability, identified by a golf fitness professional through a comprehensive evaluation and implementation of golf fitness exercises.
Once full joint range of motion and stability of all the body’s joints is established, it is then appropriate to implement power training into your golf fitness exercise program. Half kneeling medicine ball chop slams is a great beginner-intermediate exercise to start out with. This exercise requires a medicine ball and a partner or wall to which you will be bouncing the medicine ball to. Here’s how they are performed:
Start by kneeling on your left knee with your right foot out in front of you. With the medicine ball in your hands, elongate your spine to become as tall as possible and tightly squeeze your left glute and abdominals. From here you are going to use both hands to bring the medicine ball diagonally over your right shoulder. While maintaining balance and a tall posture, bounce the ball across your body with the goal of slamming it to the ceiling or over your partner’s head. It is critical keep your core engaged in order to maintain balance and generate the most power. If you do not have a medicine ball, you can use a 5-10 lb. weight. Just make sure you do not release the weight once you bring in across your body. Perform 5-10 repetitions and switch knees and directions of the bounce or chop.
For any questions relating to mobility, stability, and/or power, please email me at [email protected]
This is part 2 (continued) of a 4-part series examining different phases of the golf swing. These phases include the set-up, backswing, transition into the downswing, and weight shift and rotation to impact. Most know that each phase is important into achieving a consistent and powerful golf swing. As a result this series will provide are simple exercise interventions to make each phase easier for the amateur golfer. This article is about physical interventions and exercises to make a better backswing.
In my previous posts I discussed ways to improve your address posture and backswing. Before you start thinking about improving your movement in the downswing you must make sure your positioning at the top of your swing is correct. It’s unlikely that I move onto downswing movement training if a client exhibits swing flaws at the top of the swing such as reverse spine angle, reverse pivot, and/or over rotation of the hips and shoulders. Based on my experience, a vast majority of amateur golfers exhibit at least one of these flaws at the top of the swing.
One of the best ways to avoid flaws at the top of the swing is to make sure the trail leg and foot is properly loaded and performing the role as stabilizer of the upper body and shoulder rotation (unless you use stack and tilt). Ideally, at the top of the swing the trail leg and foot should accept the majority of the golfer’s weight. More specifically, the back of the trail foot and heel should be loaded at the top. More times than not, golfers I assess do in fact get the majority of body weight to the trail leg. However, most do not properly get to the heel of the foot.
The key to loading the trail leg and heel is to keep the leg stable and eliminate almost all lateral motion in the backswing. A golfer can have one or more multiple physical restrictions making proper weight shift and load difficult. What we know is that a golfer must have adequate hip internal rotation (over 45 degrees), strong hip muscles and glutes, great balance, and good movement patterning to be successful.
There’s a great swing drill you can use to determine if you have what it takes to properly load your trail foot consistently. It’s called the trail leg loaded backswing. In your address, shift 80-90% of your weight to your trail leg with the knee slightly bent. Now take a slow backswing while maintaining 80-90% of your weight on the trail leg. Make sure your knee does not move or change its angle. You know you are doing this successfully if you are able to make a full backswing without moving your weight away from the heel of the trail foot or without the knee straightening out or “bowing” outside of the foot. If you struggle doing this then it’s likely you have a physical restriction such as poor hip mobility, strength, or balance.
On the left, you will see poor loading of the trail hip. Notice how his weight rolls to the outside of the foot and the knee bows out.
It is difficult to self-evaluate golf specific physical restrictions. I recommend that if you struggled doing the drill correctly that you seek out golf fitness professional. In conclusion great ball striking requires proper loading of trail leg and foot. In my next post we will turn our attention away from the back swing and move to part 3, transition into the downswing. If you have any questions about how your body affects your golf swing, please email me directly at [email protected].
Golf Fitness Coach
FitGolf Performance Centers of the Delaware Valley
This is part 2 of a 4-part series examining different phases of the golf swing. These phases include the set-up, back swing, transition into the downswing, and weight shift and rotation to impact. Most know that each phase is important into achieving a consistent and powerful golf swing. What this series will provide are simple exercise interventions to make each phase easier for the amateur golfer. Today I will be writing about physical interventions and exercises to make a better back swing.
In my previous post (see previous post), I discussed what makes for a better backswing. Specifically, I discussed proper sequencing in the backswing. We know that to properly sequence the backswing the upper body must rotationally separate from the lower body. This is difficult for many amateur golfers due to physical restrictions and weaknesses in both the upper and lower body. I gave you all some basic exercises to improve the backswing which included open books, clam shells, and bridges. Hopefully you had an opportunity to try those out and make improvements in your range of motion and strength. Today I want to give you more advanced exercises to take your rotational abilities to the next level.
The next 3 exercises will take place in the half kneeling position. In conventional fitness the half kneeling position is often overlooked, but it provides a great way to perform golf specific exercises because it makes it easy to target important muscle groups for the swing. In the half kneeling position, I want your thought to be “tall and tight”. The top of your head should be as close to the ceiling as possible. Focus hard on the core muscle groups. This includes the glute (butt cheek) of the down knee, and the abdominal muscles. Make sure your upper body is not slumped by puffing your chest out.
The three exercises I want you to perform are half kneeling rotations, chops, and lifts. When you are performing half kneeling rotations, focus more on keeping your lower body still and stable, and less on how far your shoulders are turning. I’d rather see you exhibit less shoulder turn with no lower body movement, as opposed to more shoulder turn with some lower body movement. If you focus on contracting your glute and abs, you will be more successful. Executing the half kneeling rotation correctly will make it more likely that you will be able to separate your upper body from your lower body throughout the golf swing.
Proper Half Kneeling Positioning
When you are performing half kneeling chops and lifts, make sure the resistance band feels like a moderate resistance level. It is better that you focus on remaining stable rather than pulling and pushing a heavy band or weight. If you don’t have resistance bands at home, then you can simply chop and lift with an object that weighs anywhere from 5-15 lbs. The goal remains the same, keep your body stable! Initially when you chop and lift, do not rotate your shoulders. Nothing should move besides your hands and arms. Once you feel very stable, then you can begin to rotate the shoulders. Make sure shoulder rotation does not cause lower body movement. If it does, then go back to no rotation until you improve your stability. Half kneeling chops and lifts are a great core exercise that will make you more likely to remain stable and in posture throughout the golf swing.
Half-Kneeling Chops with Rotation
Do 2-3 sets of 8-10 reps of each exercise. Perform these exercises as often as you can for 2-3 weeks and you will surely feel more control and mobility in your backswing. In my next post I will talk about what’s physically required to make a good transition into the downswing to set you up for powerful and consistent ball striking. If you have any questions about this or golf fitness in general, please email me directly at [email protected].
Believe it or not, the start of golf season is rapidly approaching. Although it seems winter will never end, it’s time to begin tuning up your body. The winter tends to lead to a lifestyle that’s more sedentary than the warmer months. As a result, you might be coming out of the winter tighter or less flexible than you are during the summer months. Not only will this affect your early scores negatively, but it will also increase the chance of injury during chilly spring golf. Over the next month or so, I will be posting tips to keep the most commonly tight muscle groups loose for the start of golf season. Today we will discuss the hamstring muscle group.
Hamstrings are the muscles behind the thighs which originate from the pelvis and attach below the knee. The hamstrings take part in controlling the degree to which your pelvis and spine can bend forward in the address position of your golf swing and can dictate how well you maintain your posture throughout the swing. If you’re not able to touch their toes in the standing position, the chances of you maintaining posture in the golf swing significantly decrease and hence, lead to inconsistent golfing and a greater chance of injury.
If you think you suffer from tight hamstrings and they are affecting your posture throughout the golf swing, try the following hamstring stretch which will allow you to achieve ideal posture at address and minimize swing flaws influenced by hamstring tightness
Find a corner of a wall in your home where you can lay down on your back. Place your right foot up against the wall and your left leg flat on the floor. Make sure that your right knee is fully extended or “locked out” by squeezing your right thigh muscle and bend your right ankle down toward you so you feel a gentle stretch in your right calf. . Choose a distance from the wall in which the stretch is challenging, yet tolerable. From here, squeeze your abdominals and make sure your low back is pressed against the floor. If you are properly positioned away from the wall, this will create a stretching sensation in the back of your knee, your upper and lower hamstring, and the calf muscles. If the stretch feels intolerable, move farther away from the wall and reposition your leg. When you have found the right distance from the wall, hold the stretch position for 3-5 minutes or until a complete release of the stretch feeling has been accomplished. Switch legs and repeat the stretch.
You can advance the stretch when ready by gradually moving closer to the wall and sliding your leg farther up the wall. Perform this exercise at least 5 days per week. You should begin to notice a big difference in your ability to maintain posture throughout the swing. For any questions related to flexibility and fitness for golf please contact me directly at [email protected] Good luck!
It is well documented that core strength is imperative to prevent injury, back pain, and improve the golf swing. When I am evaluating a new golfer I often hear that he or she does “core strengthening” in their current exercise routine. My first question is always, “what do you mean, core strengthening?” Too often the response is, “Oh well you know, crunches, the ab machine where you press your chest down, things like that.” After full evaluation, 9 times out of 10 this individual exhibits weak core musculature, poor posture, flawed movement, and swing faults that will leave them prone to injury and pain. It turns out that they are not doing work to prevent injury and pain, but they are actually doing things to PROMOTE injury and pain.
When picking exercises for core strengthening make sure you pick exercises that will improve function in whatever activity you partake in. Crunches and stationary abdominal machines are highly likely to be the wrong choice for golfers and athletes in general. The crunch and ab machines usually promote upper (thoracic) spine flexion. This rounds the shoulders and puts the back into a humped position. As a golfer, this is not a position you want to be training in. Excessive upper spine flexion and shoulder rounding promotes poor rotation and flaws in the golf swing. In addition, crunches and other ab exercises that require you flex from the shoulders down to the hips can put a lot of stress down the neck and low (lumbar) spine. Let’s keep it simple, if you’re looking to improve your golf swing, avoid this type of core training.
For beginners, abdominal strengthening should focus on holding positions that promote anti-extension (arching) of the low back. One simple yet effective exercise that does this is called the dead-bug exercise (click link to view the exercise and instructions). With this exercise make sure you keep your abs braced and your low back flat and pressed into the floor.
For intermediates, a classic exercise called plank is a great way you can challenge yourself. With the plank make sure you start with your belly on the floor. Position your elbows directly under your shoulders and make sure your toes and feet are flexed and curled up toward the shins. Before you lift into the plank position, contract both your abs and glutes, and make sure your legs are locked out and as long as possible. It is very important that you can maintain contraction of BOTH the abs and glutes throughout the set. If you lose the glute contraction, lower yourself and take a rest before your next set.
For advanced golf fitness enthusiasts, these exercises should be used for warm-up and activation techniques before larger and more dynamic lifts and movements.
If you have any questions about core strengthening strategies and techniques for golf, please contact me directly by email at [email protected].
Jason Rivkin, ATC, CGFI-FP1 Head Golf Fitness Coach at FitGolf Performance Centers of the Delaware Valley
The smoothest golf swings always appear as one fluid motion. While all golfers have a distinctly unique golf swing, the best ball strikers have the same sequence of movement from start to finish. Research has shown that the most efficient method of putting the golf ball into play is by beginning the downswing with the lower body leading, and the upper body and arms following along for the ride. All of these things occur in a very short amount of time, and in order for the swing sequence to occur this quickly and in a coordinated manner, a player must have proper control of their body.
In the first half of the golf swing, the body needs to separate its upper and lower halves in order to produce the tension our muscles need to “fire”. The greater the separation of these halves, the more likely a player is to create a powerful downswing. However, inhibitions in the core muscles, such as the abdominals and glutes, may prevent a player from rotating and separating correctly. This in turn may throw off their sequencing and most likely create compensations in technique. Along with the potential inability to separate, golfers may become weaker on their right or left sides due to repeated motions to the same side of the body. These dysfunctions may be demonstrated during certain exercise tests, such as rolling patterns. Rolling patterns are developmental exercises utilized to improve muscle activation and contraction sequences of the upper and lower body. They are also as simple as they sound: rolling from your back onto your chest, and rolling from your chest onto your back. These patterns help detect deficiencies in a player’s movement pattern, as well as any asymmetries on one side of the body compared to the other.
These rolling patterns, simple as they may seem, can help determine whether or not there is a lack of strength in the player’s core, joint tightness, or deficiency in motor control. As children, we learn to get from one place to another by any means necessary, and one of the first movements we are able to make is by lifting our head and rolling from side to side. At birth we are innately given the ability to properly separate our upper and lower body, but over time we lose that, possibly due to injury, joint tightness, or muscle weakness. This may make a movement such as rolling much more difficult than it is. Since golf is a rotational sport, a player must have the ability to coordinate movement from one side to another, and it is important to help a player develop the proper muscle control needed for their swing.
There are four different rolling patterns we like to use here at FitGolf: upper body face-up, upper body face-down, and lower body face-up and face-down. Let’s try a lower body roll, facing-up: Lie on your back with legs extended and your shoulders fully extended over your head on the ground. Now try to roll your body to face down position starting with your right leg only. Try not to use your upper body. Repeat on the other side. For an upper body roll in the same position, we want to lie on your back with your legs extended and your shoulders fully extended over your head on the ground. Now try and roll your body to the face down position starting with your right arm only. Try not to use your lower body. Repeat on other side.
Give these exercises a try at home, and try to determine how well you can separate your upper and lower body in both rolling and golf. If you have any questions about rolling patterns or separation in the golf swing, please contact me at [email protected] .
It has been a very exciting time in the golf world lately! The Masters finished up and a new star was born. Jordan Spieth took his first green jacket and the number one spot at the Masters.
It is difficult to think this 21 year old ever had swing faults. But he did, and lots of practice really paid off. Many athletes are born with natural talent however, it is also extremely hard work to make it to the top and then maintain that spot.
Back in 2006 Spieth partnered up with his current trainer, Cameron McCormick. McCormick saw right away that Spieth’s swing was steep and this produced a reverse pivot. Spieth also had a tendency to slide his hips during the back swing instead of rotating.
McCormick accredited these swing faults to immobility and weaknesses within Spieth’s glutes, quads, hamstrings, core, and his lower back. The main muscles that are firing during the swing. After 9 years together, extensive training, and a better mind to muscle connection McCormick has created a Master!
Everyone has to start somewhere. Look at Rory McIlroy, he has been working with his trainer, Steve McGregor since 2010. When McGregor first worked with McIlroy it was very apparent that there were a few issues.
McIlroy has been swinging a club since he was a toddler without a large focus on his own physical fitness. Instead he had been relying on his natural athleticism. This worked for him, for a period of time. McIlroy, you see without the proper physical training he was actually creating a problem for himself. This led to an injured lower back from overuse and an imbalance in strength between his left and right side
McGregor worked on core and back strengthening along with more single arm and single leg exercises. After a short 5 years with his trainer, McIlroy is sitting pretty as a top golfer with an increased club head speed, more distance with his driver and being able to hit the ball harder without losing his balance.
There is a lot of scientific evidence out there that suggests strong and physically fit people have a higher level of self confidence, self worth, and physiological well being. Knowing what your personal weaknesses are can go along way to making you into the strongest and most confident individual you can be!
Contact your local FitGolf Performance Center to find out what your fitness handicap is and how you can get started on your most powerful swing!
At FitGolf Performance Centers we are constantly working to improve the understanding of how the body affects the golf swing. We have started up a new Research Project at our Delaware Valley location in cooperation with our National Headquarters. We are going to be looking at the rotation in the body and how it effects the flight of the ball in reference to distance utilizing cutting edge technology.
Why? Well, we have a hunch that lacking full rotation and flexibility within the body is going to negatively affect the power a golfer is able to generate throughout the swing.
Think back to the days of childhood when you would snap your brother or sister with a rubber band. You really pulled back on that rubber band to get the full desired effect of that quick, powerful snap resulting in a lovely red welt on your siblings arm. Same idea! … sort of…
Looking at a PGA golfer’s swing they have a very large range of motion within their hips, shoulders and thoracic spine. How well the body is able to coil around in the backswing is going to translate to the amount of power they can generate in the downswing. Having full rotation and range of motion within the body away from golf is going to translate into the actual swing.
Each movement within the swing builds upon the previous movements motion and energy. If, there is a restriction be it from lack of mobility, previous injury, or a muscular weakness it will impede the transfer of energy throughout the swing. For example, if the hips are not able to rotate properly the body is going to overcompensate in another spot to deliver a swing. This however, is going to lead to faults in that swing such as a loss of posture, lateral movement causing sways, and most importantly a loss of power.
Feel like you may be a victim of a lack of flexibility and rotation within your body? Here are two simple exercises to add in to your normal routine that will aid in upper and lower body rotations.
The Open Book exercise is to teach your upper body to rotate separate of your lower body. While performing this exercise it is important to keep your knees to the ground. Do not force your hand to ground either. The more you practice this the easier it will become.
The second exercise is the Leg Over exercise. This is to teach your lower body to rotate separate of your upper body. While performing this exercise try to keep your shoulders on the ground. Do not force your foot to the ground with this exercise either.
Check out our other blog postings and newsletters to find other exercises you can do at home to help increase your odds of your most powerful swing. Also, watch for your local Fit Golf Performance Center to be holding the reseach study that you may partake in.
Any other questions regarding rotation of the body and generating power, email me at [email protected]
A golfer’s grip on the golf club needs to be strong and stable in order to handle the force produced by their legs and torso. If your grip and forearms are not strong enough to handle this power, then you can lose accuracy and control. There must be a fine balance between a relaxed grip and “death grip.” There are a few articles out there about using dumbbells to strengthen forearms. You can purchase fancy grippers to increase your grip strength. You may even go as far as carrying a racquetball or something to squeeze as you drive in your car. No matter what you choose help increase the strength of your grip, you will still need to make sure that you prescribe a number of sets and reps. You will need to plan your rest as well.
While it may be good to address grip by itself as an exercise, it may be more effective to take a step back and see if there is something that you already do that will help increase your grip strength. Just holding a weight in your hand, will automatically engage the muscles in your hand. Even though you are picking up the weight to do a different exercise (dumbbell bench press, rows, bicep curls, etc.), you still need to be able to HOLD the weight. In fact, it will be your grip that will give out before your larger muscles begin to fatigue.
So a simple way to increase your grip strength naturally is to be aware of the amount of tension you are creating to hold the weight. If you are using OTHER muscle groups to keep the weight in your hand, then you are not strengthening your grip any more. One of my favorite exercises to increase my grip strength, shoulder stability, core stability, as well as drive my heart rate up is the Farmer’s Walk.
How to perform the exercise
Simply pick up a heavy weight (dumbbell, kettlebell, heavy suitcases, bucket of rocks, water, dirt, etc.).
Choose weight that you realistically can only hold for about 20 seconds, before you have to put it down.
Walk around with good posture, until you need to put the weight down.
Perform this exercise for 2 to 5 sets, and work your way up to 1 minute. When you can walk around with good form for longer than a minute, it is time to increase the weight.
For all Questions related to Aerobic Training Programs, golf fitness, nutrition, and your mental game email me at [email protected]